Emergency contraception

Emergency contraception

If you’ve recently had unprotected sex or your current contraception has failed, you may need some emergency contraception to prevent becoming pregnant. However, the sooner you take emergency contraception, the more options you will have. These include:

  • The morning after pill. There are two types of the emergency contraception pill which include Levonelle which can be taken up to 72 hours after unprotected sex or EllaOne which can be taken up to five days after unprotected sex.
  • IUD (Coil) can be inserted within five days of the earliest time you could have released an egg or up to 5 days after unprotected sex.
  • Both types of emergency contraception are effective, however the coil is more effective than the morning after pill with a success rate of 99%.

Emergency Contraception

The morning after pill

How does it work?

The emergency hormonal contraceptive pill can delay ovulation and prevent an egg being fertilised.


The advantages of the morning after pill include not affecting your future fertility and also you can purchases the morning after pill from the pharmacist without seeing a doctor.


If you have had unprotected sex as well as becoming pregnant, you also have the risk of catching an STD. The morning after pill does not protect you against this and therefore you may experience side effects including:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Abdominal pain
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Fluid retention


How does it work?

The IUD is a small T shaped device that releases copper ions which kill sperm. The coil works by stopping sperm from getting to the ovaries and by stopping the fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.


The coil works for approximately 10 years. You will still need to attend regular check-ups to make sure that the coil is still in place though. Another advantage is that you do not need to think about contraception every time you have sex. Also the coil is about 98-99% effective over a period of 5 years.


When you have had the coil implanted, you will need to go back to your doctor for regular check-ups. Another disadvantage is that women experience heavier and more painful periods with the copper-based contraceptive coil.


Laser hair removal

Laser hair removal

Laser hair removal is the process of hair removal by means of exposure to pulses of laser light that destroy the hair follicle. It has been performed experimentally for about twenty years before becoming commercially available in the mid-1990s. As this technology continued to be researched, laser hair removal become more effective and efficient; thus, it is now a common method in removing hair for long periods of time. Laser hair removal is widely practiced in clinic and/or even in homes using devices designed and priced for consumer self-treatment. However this treatment is available in clinics and is a much safer and effective way of hair removal. This is because the doctors which perform the treatment have had training in the hair removal process and have had previous experience.

Laser hair removal

Where on the body can you have laser hair removal?

It is safe to have laser hair removal anywhere that you have unwanted hair. These areas include:

Face, ears and the jaw

Neck, shoulders, back, chest, underarms and nipples

Arms, hand, fingers, stomach

Legs, feet and toes

You can also carry out laser hair removal where waxing takes place such as bikini, Brazilian, Hollywood. However the procedure is most effective on darker hairs with more pigment because hair removal lasers are attracted to the pigment in your hairs.

Are there any side effects of laser hair removal treatment?

The skin can appear slightly red after treatments and the hair follicles which have been treated may appear raised or bumpy for up to 2 days (48 hours). Any other side effects are rare but can occur.

How permanent is laser hair removal?

The average patient in clinical studies sees a 48% reduction in hair growth after three treatments and up to an 80% lasting reduction after five treatments, however these results may vary. After you have completed a series of four to six treatments, the remaining hair is often finer and lighter in colour. Most patients require one or two touch up treatments per year.

To travel to a different country do I need to make sure my travel vaccinations are up to date?

travel vaccination

When travelling to certain countries, you will need to make sure that your travel vaccinations are up to date. These countries include:

  • Egypt
  • South America
  • Thailand
  • South Africa
  • India
  • China
  • Europe

One travel vaccination that may people must have is the yellow fever vaccination. These people including:

  • Babies under 9 months.
  • Pregnant women.
  • Women who are currently breastfeeding.
  • People who have a comprised immune system (This includes people undergoing radiotherapy or chemotherapy).
  • People who are allergic to eggs.
  • People with a Thymus gland condition.
  • Anyone with an allergy to any of the ingredients of the vaccine.

Vaccines Needed For Egypt

If you will be travelling to Egypt soon for a family holiday or a business trip, there are a list of vaccinations you may wish to consider having. These include Hepatitis A and B, Rabies, Tetanus and Typhoid. We believe that you need these vaccines when travelling to Egypt to stay safe and it is best to do this a minimum of 6/8 weeks before you are due to travel to the country to ensure that you allow enough time for the vaccine to give its full effect and offer full immunity.

All of the above vaccines are recommended to have before travelling to Egypt as it has a large number of stray dogs roaming the streets, and most cases of rabies are reported from dog bites. Also Hepatitis A is also very common in Egypt, as it caused by drinking and eating contaminated water and food. Protect yourself and get your travel vaccinations today, it’s not worth the risk.

South America Vaccinations

When travelling to South America, you might need to be vaccinated against specific diseases. Depending on what part of the country you are travelling to, as well as what you will be doing there and how long you will be there for, depends on what vaccines you may need.

You will potentially need two to three travel vaccinations at a minimum of 2 weeks before you are due to travel to South America. These vaccines cover:

  • Diphtheria and Tetanus.
  • Hepatitis A and Typhoid.

These two vaccines are combined. However depending on what country in South America you are travelling to you may also need a yellow fever vaccination, if it is essential in the country you are travelling to.

In certain circumstances, you might need to have other vaccines to protect yourself further. These circumstances include:

  • If you are travelling to a poorer country such as Peru and Ecuador. This is because they are less developed and therefore have less developed medical structures. Therefore this means that you may be exposed to an increased risk of diseases and illnesses and there may not be available medical support in that country.
  • If your visit involves you undergoing voluntary work such as on hospices or even orphanages. This is because due to the lack of medical knowledge and medical infrastructures, diseases spread much faster.

Travel Vaccinations for Thailand

If you are going to be travelling to Thailand, then we recommend you to have the suitable travel vaccinations before going. It is not essential to have vaccines for travelling to Thailand; however it is recommended that you do have the vaccines so you are a less risk of all the potential diseases.

The diseases you require a vaccine against may require a booster or a full vaccine. These travel vaccinations include:

  • Diphtheria
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Rabies
  • Tetanus
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • Typhoid
  • Cholera

These are the vaccines you will need depending on three factors such as where you will be travelling to in Thailand, how long you will be staying as well as what you will be doing in the country.

Vaccines Needed For South Africa

When travelling to South Africa, some of the travel vaccinations you might need include:

  • MMR
  • Typhoid
  • Tetanus
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Cholera
  • Rabies
  • Diphtheria

These travel vaccinations will depend on a range of factors. The factors that will be taken into consideration include the exact region in South Africa that you will be travelling to, whether you are staying in our part of the country or travelling around, what activities you are planning to be doing whilst you are there, the type of accommodation you will be staying in on your visit, how long you will be staying there for, your medical history and finally the type of interaction you will have the locals whilst you are there.

In different parts of South Africa, you will need to have a yellow fever vaccination. These countries include:

  • Eritrea
  • The Island of Sao Tome
  • Somalia
  • The Island of Principe
  • Tanzania
  • Zambia

We advise that the travel vaccinations are taken at least 6 to 8 weeks before you start travelling. However there is no rule to this but it is recommended so that the vaccines have enough time to reach their full potential and provide full immunity against the potential diseases.

India Vaccinations

If you are planning on travelling to India, you will need to make sure you have had all the necessary travel vaccinations. You will need to make sure that you ensure all of the primary courses of vaccinations and boosters are up to date. In addition to the ‘home’ immunity, the diseases you may need travel vaccines for include:

  • Chicken pox
  • Cholera
  • Diphtheria
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • MMR
  • Pertussis
  • Polio
  • Rabies
  • Tetanus
  • Typhoid

Even though India became polio free, it was decided as of the 1st March 2014 that any travellers who enter the country of the have a polio vaccine to ensure it stays polio free.

Travel Vaccinations For China

To be on the safe side, it is recommended that you have all the suitable vaccines when travelling to china. Before having the travel vaccines, ensure that you have left 6 – 8 weeks for the vaccines to fully develop and reach their full potential of immunity.

Some of the travel vaccines for China include:

  • Cholera
  • Hepatitis A and B
  • Japanese Encephalitis
  • Rabies
  • Tetanus
  • Tick-borne encephalitis
  • Typhoid

Travel Vaccinations For Europe

The travel vaccinations for Europe for spilt into four groups such as group A, B, C and D. Each group includes the certain countries which require the same travel vaccinations. These include:

Group A: Belarus, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Herzegovina, Estonia, Croatia, Latvia, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Poland, Moldova, Macedonia, Russia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Yugoslavia, Ukraine.

The essential vaccinations for travelling to these countries are hepatitis A, polio and tetanus. However if you are going to be in these countries for around 3 months or longer you will also require diphtheria, rabies and hepatitis B vaccines.

Group B: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lichtenstein, Malta, Monaco, Norway, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and Sweden.

The recommended vaccine for this country is tetanus.

Group C: Albania

The mandatory vaccines for this country are hepatitis A, polio, tetanus and typhoid. However if you are going to be staying for 3 months or longer then you require other vaccines such as diphtheria, hepatitis B and rabies.

Group D: Greece

The essential vaccines for this country are hepatitis A and tetanus. However, a yellow fever certification is required if you are going to be entering from a country that has an endemic status.

It is better to be safe than sorry. Stay safe and book your travel vaccinations today!